This section explains the various stages of a normal course of orthodontic
The first consultation During this visit the patient is examined clinically by
our Orthodontist. This enables him to give advice on the treatment options
available, when treatment should commence, the duration of treatment, and the
approximate cost.If the patient decides to proceed with treatment, an
appointment is made to collect records.
Impressions from which plaster models of the teeth are constructed.
Photographs of the teeth and face.
X-rays of the teeth and jaws.
Records allow the orthodontist to analyse each case accurately. They are also
used to record the existing malocclusion for future reference.
At this visit the orthodontist discusses the treatment plan(s), which have been
formulated using information obtained from the first consultation and
records.Then, arrangements are made to commence treatment or, if it is too
early, to review the patient periodically until it is an appropriate time to
Extractions and other preliminary procedures
Sometimes it is necessary to remove teeth to gain sufficient space to align the
remaining teeth. Any decayed teeth should be filled and the teeth sometimes need
to be cleaned before orthodontic treatment is started.The patient is referred
back to the family dentist to have these preliminary procedures carried out. The
cost of these procedures is not included in the orthodontic fee.
Braces are the most efficient and accurate way of moving teeth.Braces (bands,
brackets and wires) are usually made of stainless steel although clear brackets
are available, usually at extra cost.Fitting the braces usually involves two
visits. Braces remain on the teeth for the entire duration of treatment.Patients
then attend approximately every 4-8 weeks for adjustments, wire changes, etc.
Rubber Bands and HeadgearDuring treatment, patients may need to wear such items
as rubber bands and/or headgear with their braces. These items provide important
extra forces for the correction of the bite.
How Long? Orthodontic treatment usually takes 18 - 24 months. Some cases may be
finished earlier and others may take longer to complete. The total treatment
time depends on the severity of the original malocclusion, the type of treatment
carried out, and the co-operation of the patient.
Orthodontic patients should continue to attend their family dentist for regular
check-ups during the course of orthodontic treatment.
At the completion of the active part of orthodontic treatment, the braces are
removed and retaining appliances (retainers) are fitted to hold the teeth steady
in their new position. These appliances may be removable plates or wires fitted
behind the teeth.Retainers play an important role in orthodontic treatment for,
if they are not worn according to instructions, the teeth may move back towards
their original position.The retaining appliances are usually worn:
Full-time for up to one year
Just at night for a further year
Phased out altogether over one more year
The corrected teeth are observed periodically for up to five years after the
retainers have been phased out. During retention and the subsequent observation
period, patients are expected to attend once or twice a year.
Orthodontics for children
Q. At what age should a child have an orthodontic examination?
A. Age 7, unless you suspect a problem at an earlier age, because most facial
asymmetries are likely to be apparent by that time. A timely screening will lead
to extraordinary treatment benefits. For others, the principle benefit is peace
Q. Why are children being evaluated at such an early age?
A. Early diagnosis and treatment can guide erupting teeth into a more favorable
position, preserve space for the permanent teeth and reduce the likelihood of
fracturing protruded front teeth. Also, early treatment may shorten treatment
time, make treatment easier and in some cases less expensive. It may even
provide advantages that are not available later.
Q. Is orthodontic care expensive?
A. Orthodontic therapy may eliminate the need for other medical and dental
treatment. The physical and psychological benefits usually last a lifetime,
which makes orthodontics one of the best investments in healthcare and quality
Q. What is the psychological impact of early treatment?
A. Appearance has been related to popularity, social behaviors,
self-expectation, personality style, and self-esteem. Orthodontic therapy may
lessen the likelihood that a child will be picked on by other children.
Treatment may reduce appearance-consciousness and the emotional scarring that
can occur during critical developmental years. Also, as adolescents enter the
sensitive teenage years, they become far less receptive to orthodontic therapy.
Q. In addition to esthetic improvements, what are some other benefits of
A. Additional benefits may include better function, improved cleanability, more
favorable wear patterns and greater longevity of natural teeth.
Q. Why is the growth spurt at puberty so important in orthodontics?
A. This is the time when much of the development of the face occurs. Treatment
during this period allows the orthodontist to favorably influence the facial
profile in a growing child. Once growth of the facial bones is complete,
correction of skeletal discrepancies usually requires surgery.
Q. If I'm not sure about the need for orthodontics, how should the patient he
A. If in doubt, refer. If you notice a problem and refer to a specialist, your
legal and professional responsibilities are fulfilled. Also, an early referral
can avoid more complex problems that may worsen with time.
Q. What's the problem with waiting until the permanent teeth erupt to refer?
A. The problem may be one of opportunities missed with respect to growth and
development. While patients can be treated at any age, those with available
growth may enjoy a substantial advantage. Timely treatment may prevent the need
for jaw surgery, extraction of permanent teeth, or fracture of protruded
incisors. Early treatment may also help the psychological development. Patients
also benefit from guidance of tooth eruption. Orthodontics for Adults
Q. At what age is a patient too old for orthodontics?
A. Patients who have teeth and healthy supporting structures are never too old
for orthodontic therapy. Age is not a factor.
Q. How can I tactfully approach an adult patient who could benefit from
A. Ask the question: "Are you happy with the appearance of your teeth?" The ill
be your guide to further answer will be your guide to further development of the
Q. Why are adults seeking orthodontics in increasing numbers?
A. Many adults are receiving orthodontic care that was not available to them as
children. They realize that improving the health of their mouths and the
attractiveness of their smiles and facial appearances can result in changes for
the better in their personal, social, and professional lives. Technical advances
have also had an impact on adult therapy.
Q. What are some of those advances?
A. Advanced technology has produced small tooth-colored brackets that are barely
noticeable. Specially alloyed wires are more comfortable, can speed up
treatment, and may decrease the number of necessary appointments. New retainers
can be placed where they do not show. Also, advanced surgical techniques now
allow treatment of many skeletal problems after growth is completed.